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Aspects You Should know About Oral Hygiene

Healthy teeth require lots of care methods and tactics. Regular teeth brushing is the most important rule you can take into account in order to enjoy healthy teeth and to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

Another key-elements are mouthwashes, tongue cleaning and especially a healthy diet that excludes sugary drinks and foods. Smoking is forbidden if you want to prevent dental problems. And don’t forget about a dental check-up you should complete at least once a year.

The most frequent dental problems are plaque and tartar which are the main causes of gum disease and tooth decay.

Dental plaque is a deposit formed on the surface of the teeth when bacteria combine with food and saliva. On the other hand, tartar represents hardened calcified plaque that can be removed only with special instruments.

There are also another types of dental problems that involve different effects on the teeth such as: tooth decay or caries, gum disease or periodontal disease, tooth or dental erosion.

Teeth brushing

Routine hygiene is very important in order to maintain regular teeth brushing and cleaning between teeth.

It is essential to brush your teeth at least twice a day and to use a soft-tufted brush and a toothpaste that contains fluoride. When choosing a brush, take into account that its head should be small enough to get into all the areas of the mouth. You should spend at least two minutes brushing and ensure you are covering all areas. Pay attention to the area between teeth and gum. It is also very important to change the toothbrush every 3-4 months.

You should brush the teeth either just before eating or at least an hour after eating in order to prevent tooth erosion due to acids from food. After being exposed to acid, the enamel is softened and the calcium and other mineral salt in the saliva help counteract the softening.

It is essential to clean between teeth after brushing once or twice a day in order to remove plaque from between teeth. You can use dental floss.

Pay attention to your gums. They may bleed when you first begin to clean between your teeth, but this process should settle in a few days. If the bleeding persists you should visit the dentist.

Also, keep in mind that sugars and sugary foods are the main foods that bacteria thrive on to make acid and they contribute to tooth decay. Acid foods and drinks are also a main factor in tooth erosion.


You should take into account some rules to keep your teeth healthy:

  • Reduce the amount of sugary foods and drinks that you have.
  • Reduce the amount of fizzy drinks and fruit juices that are acidic. 
  • Drink fizzy drinks and fruit juices quickly and try not to keep them in your mouth for long time.
  • You can also use an antiseptic mouthwash in order to prevent gum disease or clean your tongue after cleaning the teeth.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Chewing gum increases the flow of saliva and help to flush the mouth and clear the debris and acid remaining from the meal. If you choose chewing gum, try sugar-free gum.

If you are dealing with dental problems you should go to the dentist to treat appropriately the disease and to prevent the evolution of it.

If you thought oral hygiene is not very important, you should know that a poor oral hygiene is associated with another diseases such as heart attack and angina or other blood vessel-related problems. The explanation consists in the theory that mild inflammation and infection in the mouth from gum disease can enter the bloodstream to trigger mild inflammation in the blood vessels and that can leads to cardiovascular diseases.

Author Bio: Ann is the office manager and hygienist at Main Street Dental, a local New Albany Ohio family dentistry. She loves her job, enjoys making sure everyone in the office works together as a team to provide the best possible patient care. In this article she mentions some aspects you should know about oral hygiene.

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